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Open water swimming has become an one of fastest growing sport around the world and athletes, coaches, administrators, parents and other officials must recognize that the open water environment involves variable conditions, such as a wave, current, marine life, drag by lake and river water, and wind is at times unpredictable and can become dangerous quickly. With the rapid growing in open water swimming events even the inexperience competitor, athletes willing to go ahead and enter to the swimming competition without having much experience.

‘Remember even best athletic (Best swimmer) can Victim of drowning’

‘Victim suddenly can vanish under the large wave or in murky water. Hidden debris under the muddy water and imminent danger’

It’s very important that open water event directors or government refersentive, health care professionals advise safety personnel, and event organizer what is the correct protocol for protect the safety of all involved. Sudden weather or naturals phenomenon changes can highly affect to the safety of swimmer and all competitors and participant should be preferred for adjust themselves with further safety protocol (Wetsuits and other technical swimsuit that may offer buoyancy or additional protection from cold elements, also wearing sharp colour orange swimming caps, etc) and event organizer should make necessary adjustment order to protect athletic and other all other involving in the event.( Example: Rescuers should be equipped with wetsuits, dry suits or clothing that will enables them to perform safely their duties in the water)

Event safety requirement must conceders long before the event happening and all the athletics are must receive safety meeting by safety personal before deployment onto the course at least 15 minutes earlier.

‘Briefing to all swimmers and Unified Partners as well as coaches and officials are advisable also translating the message for athletes in their favorite language is acceptable’

Now at many countries open water swimming has been become popular and there for specially government bodies must consider and rule the third party organization conducting open water swimming competition for swimmer and must acknowledge them a how to provide possible safe condition for swimmer.

Any organization must be declare earlier dangers weather condition and should shortening the course, changing the direction or must be postpone event of the day that can held the open water swimming competition safely. Open water event can conduct in any natural or manmade body of water approval should do by local health or environmental protection agencies. The safety officer and event organizer must be meeting with government officials for developed pre-event emergency action plan for worse scenarios. Safety equipment and considerable man power (Trained and certified rescuers) must be accumulate with maximum number and rescued crafts, paddle boards, radio, spinal boards, ambulance, also lifeguard or rescuer in the water wearing fins for assist the swimmer is distress and very important protocol.

Land water based safety personnel are very important in open water swimming competition. Missing swimmer or submerged Victim must be quickly recovered from the water. Every type of rescue crafts and lifeguard or rescuer must be in 30 second distance away from a swimmer.

The minimum water temperature for conducting open water swimming is 16 c (60.8 F) and maximum can be 31c (87.8 F). Race shall not take place when combined air and water temperature when added together are 33 C (91.4 F) also in other way races over 800 meters in distance shall not take in place if the combined air and water temperature when added together are 63 c (145.4 F).Swimmer are allowed wear wet suit if the water temperature below 29 c (82.2 F) its become a mandatory water temperature falls under 17 c (62.6 F) if water temperature above 28 c (82.4 F) wet suit is not allowed.

In any competition there is eligibility minimum age requirement for each event. Also qualifying time, experience are must be well determined by event hosting organization.

Rules for open water swimming competition are significantly different than a pool swimming competition so please let we are be responsible for the all aspect of safety related to the conduct open water swimming competition.

By Palitha Ariyarathna

Deep sea diver & Rescuer



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Safety tips for Dragon Boat PaddlersAs a rescuer I would like to share my knowledge with readers who like to endeavour to try drgaon boat as a favourites water sports .so as a paddler If you know basic tips of dragon boat safety those knowledge will lead aid you for having the real thrill and fun of paddling also you will know how to coat up with the emergency situation (with you buddy and team). Remember these tips are helping you to stay in safe and to have a fun ride.

Safety tips for you to remember

· Dress appropriately, Apply proper sun protection, Take a bottle of water

· If in doubt don’t go out! If the situation gets worse stop the course.

· Always follow proper Loading and unloading  procedure drummer will be decide

· In rough conditions shift the weight in the boat (drummer) go back also in the beginning of the course take out for paddlers out. Most foul weather capsizes occur when water taken over the bow don’t give front of the boat go in to the water

· The boat is made by fibreglass so its wont sinks. Boat will be floated below the surface in some emergencies the boat can be used as a life preserve  to support injured or panicking paddler

· If boat going to be roll don’t panic who ever in a high side of boat try to throw out yourself by clear of your partner and let you paddle go don’t hold it tight you may hit another paddler. In additional try to let you go with boat roll.

· If you are trap under the boat may there is air pocket you to catch breath if possible catch a breath in the air pocket and feel your way to the side of the boat

· Always check your buddies for present if not informed to the crew if someone injured give him a assistance

· If boat is capsizes if any paddler is missing steersperson will ask any strong swimmer to check under the boat from one end to other end swimmer can looking for a missing paddler. Before roll the boat to its upright position should be all the crew member are present

· Always try to stay with boat until rescue crew arrives don’t swim to shore line unless otherwise instructed

· Always you must follow direction and  instruction of steersperson and rescue personnel

· Shouting making noise will be make all of paddlers confusion in the event of emergency paddlers have to ready to follow instruction

· If any paddler got heart stork, heart attack,distressed buddy can raising the hand and inform place the any distressed paddler in the middle of boat

· Try to contact land and water safety crew by marine radio or by signal or by distress signal like three long whistle blasts repeat if necessary

· When Rescue Crew arrive they will be ask some status report: number in the boat, any missing, distressed, injured paddler in your boat. Paddlers in distress and who need to taken out first

· If  Missing paddler – the Rescue Crew will take over the search and the second  rescue craft will start ferrying the rest of the Crew to shore

· If traps with extreme conditions  rescue Crews will be taken all the paddlers to the nearest sheltered land

· After the crew is on land the team of dragon boat responsible to bail out the water from their dragon boat

‘Ready ready….’ preparing for a race.

By Palitha Ariyarathna

Deep sea Diver and rescuer

Article is written by me @ 11-11-2008 and I am dedicating this  article for SLAD Dragoon boat team.


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From the Lifeguard Diary….
There is lot of organization argued that no one can train certified lifeguard but expect by certified lifeguard instructor or organization. But in my point of view those arguments can bring down easily hence national and international level of lifeguard training, certification only provides a sound of foundation for lifeguards. It’s and just that beginning its up to the aquatic manager or lifeguard supervisor to take that newly certified lifeguards and help them to develop into highly skilled profession rescuer

by Palitha Ariyarathna

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Hotel Workers Safety

How many years you’re working for company?

How many times you get hurt?

How many times you quit a job because work that gave you its danger?

Is that safety is important? Even for hotel worker?

Ask manager, Boss, Supervisor if you get injured who is liability for it and who is going to emotionally suffer with you?

Who is going to take care about your family if you were completely paralyzed or die?

Let’s start to speak what is safety of worker

As a hotel and motel service worker, every hotelier understood that we are providing hospitality and service to travellers. It doesn’t matter you’re a room cleaner, maintenance worker or desk clerk, Lifeguards, engineer, even as general Manger you’re help to ensure that hotel operations run smoothly and meet customers’ expectations.

But, in order to keep your hotel functioning at its best, you must want to ensure that you stay safe and healthy on your job. Still at most place most of time employees and employers are not consider what the exact cause of and exact loose of money and time if someone not in good health condition for work their best.

Specially employees are ill or sick the hotel and motel cannot provide mean hospitality and service to the traveller. Also loosing or dispatching the good workers and hiring and educated staff again and again will be cost on annual turnover. As per my experience in many years in hotel field I have been observed that biggest risk for hotel workers is ergonomic injury from sprains, strains, and repetitive work.

For been as a safe workers and for save money at your work place (hotel or motel) you can protect your back and limbs by practicing safe ergonomic principles when performing your daily job functions. Always remember to maintain neutral postures and rotate your tasks to give different muscles a rest.


Limit the tasks that you do on your knees, over your head or with your back bent.


Stop carrying over weight goods, when wiping down mirrors and surfaces, alternate arms and use slow, deliberate movements to avoid straining your muscles. Choose long-handled tools for vacuuming, mopping, scrubbing, and wiping. Take breaks every 20-30 minutes to give your muscles a rest.

Moving heavy, bulky, room furnishings, doing maintenance work or working the front desk can cause injury if the work is improperly. Use good lifting techniques and work practices to protect your back. Keep your back straight and neutral while you work. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes to help you move freely. Avoid overreaching. Use your leg muscles to lift. Lift smaller, lighter loads or get help when you need to move heavy equipment or materials. And, use anti-fatigue mats when you will be standing in one place for a long time.


Also Read the label and or material safety data sheets (MSDS) to know the hazards and safe work practices for the chemical products you use. Ask your manager, supervisor where you can get training for yourself about job safety analyse. Don’t ever compromise the safety. If you do not have proper PPE’s reports to the line manger think twice before you start some work will be danger yourself. Always choose and use the mildest cleansers and chemicals possible that will still get the job done. After the job wash your hands with soap and water before eating, drinking, or smoking. You should wear recommended gloves while cleaning and performing plumbing jobs and be aware of exposures to body fluids specially if you’re giving someone a first Aid, drugs.


NEVER reach into a garbage can and do not stomp on garbage to compact it May the garbage can has disposable BIO Hazard, some one left there.


Get training and always inspect your tools before use. Tools can cause injury if they are not used correctly. Maintain your tools wear the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) including work gloves, safety glasses, and hearing protection when the hazard requires it. Remember to put in regular schedule to inspect all equipment electrical cords for good condition to avoid the risk of electrical shock. Use safety guideline when you are working with electrical systems and be sure to lock out or tag out powered equipment or wiring that needs service. If you encounter unavoidable situation that you do not understand don’t perform that job further


At many place different height of Ladders are commonly used to perform maintenance like wash windows, and change light bulbs practice ladder safety by climbing properly while holding on to the rails with both hands. Avoid reaching to the side of the ladder; climb down and re-position it if you need to. NEVER step on the top step of a ladder remember to have on helmet also ask you supervisor for watch your back and don’t work alone.


If you’re tired, exhausted don’t Rushing on the job it can be lead to accidents, especially on newly mopped or waxed floors. Slips on wet surfaces in bathrooms, kitchens, and lobby floors can cause serious injuries. To avoid kind of these hazards clean up spills immediately and mark wet floor hazards with signs. Wear shoes with non-slip soles, take your time, and watch where you’re going. Don’t ever imagine by the double work you can get promotion and good reputation from your work place. Always its can highly recommend remember the ‘DUTY OF CARE’ and do your work best. Do you know many workers has lost their life middle of work place tragedy hence ignorance or overactive or rushing.

As hoteliers you perform different job tasks and may face varied hazards, remember you need to practice good ergonomics, stick to safety rule, use proper tools and protective equipment, and follow all safe work practices.

O.W.Palitha Ariyarathna

Note: The above evaluations and or recommendations are have wrote by me for general guidance only and should not be relied upon for legal compliance purposes. They are based solely on the incident that I experience and information provided to me by some co-workers that cross contact the danger. This letter relate only to those conditions specifically discussed. I do not make any warranty, expressed or implied, that your workplace is safe or healthful or that it complies with all laws, regulations or standards.

More information:

The hotels and restaurant sector includes a range of tasks and jobs that pose diff

erent risks. The complexity of the sector makes it difficult to present an exhaustive view of

the situation. Much attention goes towards working in kitchens and to a lesser extent, to waiting staff Supporting activities such as cleaning jobs, goods supply, etc. are randomly represented in scientific c literature


Preventing on-the-job injury and disease is the first priority of the

Workers’ Compensation Board (WCB) of British Columbia.


Studies show that hotel workers have an injury rate 25% higher than all service workers


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Have a safe summer!

Have a safe summer!


The long summer months are upon us again with soaring temperatures and soaking humidity. A time when beaches and swimming pools top the list as hotspots for relaxation, along with endless water sports and activities.

  • By O.W. Palitha Ariyarathna
  • Published: 00:06 July 18, 2008
  • Gulf News

The long summer months are upon us again with soaring temperatures and soaking humidity. A time when beaches and swimming pools top the list as hotspots for relaxation, along with endless water sports and activities.

However, a simple day at the beach can be hazardous if one is not careful. Maintaining safety minimises the chances of accidents. Most people might consider water activities or sports to be safe, but there are risks involved. Deep risks. One should never take safety for granted and be cautious at all times.

Drowning, for example, is one of the leading causes for water accidents and can happen in a matter of seconds. What makes it even more dangerous is that there is usually no noise to warn against impending trouble. Children are particularly susceptible to drowning because they do not associate water with danger.


A temporary lapse in adult supervision is a common factor in most drowning and near drowning incidents. Children are not only at risk at public beaches, but also at home.

A few water safety rules that I personally follow:

– Learn to swim. It is the best way to stay safe in and around water. Enrol your children in swimming classes or educate them about the importance of water safety.

– Never swim alone, or in an unsupervised area. Do not assume your children can’t drown because they have had swimming lessons or are wearing flotation devices.

– In case your children go missing, report it to the lifeguard immediately.

– Obey warning signs around your area. Wear proper swimming attire.

– Don’t swim in bad weather. Always pay attention to local weather conditions and forecasts.

– Stay away from piers, pilling, and diving platforms when in water.

– Watch out for aquatic life. Water plants and animals can be dangerous.

– Don’t swim against water currents if caught in one. Swim gradually and across it.

– Don’t rely on lifeguards to supervise your children. They are responsible for overall safety of many people and cannot spend adequate time watching each child.

– Never allow your children to swim immediately after eating. Discourage them from faking a drowning incident as a false alarm may mask a real emergency and delay rescue.

– All swimming pools must be surrounded with barriers that are at least 1.7 metres high and have childproof gate latches.

Lastly, keep rescue equipment at hand. Guardians should learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

— The writer is a Gulf News reader.


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As a professional lifeguard, you must be skilled in the recognition and handling of a suspected spinal injury.

As a professional lifeguard, you must be skilled in the recognition and handling of a suspected spinal injury.

Use of well design lifeguards service to Reduce drowning at water front Facilities (Hotels, Beach Resorts, Water sports Centers)

Providing quality life guarding services at water recreational facilities are effective in preventing drowning, some decision makers may elect not to hire many lifeguards. In that Case, Facility operator should be considering environmental modifications to the facility can still improve safety for Guests. Such as barriers, No swimming area, divided swimming area, divided boating area, posting correct sign and regulation boards, also educating the guest is very important. The cost of a single catastrophic injury or death while using an aquatic facility can be substantial. Experts have described the costs of unintentional death through two measures. The economic costs framework measures the victim’s productivity loss and the expenses related to the event. Comprehensive costs include the economic loss, as well as the value of lost quality of life associated with the death or injury. Although water-related injuries and drowning already result in tremendous costs, they would be substantially higher without lifeguards. One way of describing these costs are to estimate that one percent of the total rescues made by lifeguards would have resulted in a drowning death in the absence of lifeguards. If really facility operator needs to reduce the number of drowning then they have to deploy real lifeguard service. Decision to provide lifeguard protection can be influenced by civil liability laws too.

(Which may hold the owners of aquatic areas and the lifeguards they employ responsible for fatal and nonfatal injuries?)

One aspect of liability involves malfeasance. In most Countries, lifeguards, like other safety providers, are expected to act within a standard of care set by their training, local protocols, and past court rulings. A variation from the standard of care may result in liability. Another aspect of liability involves the condition of the facility and the quality of warning or protection provided. Laws which encourage placement of lifeguards, although more expensive, can logically be expected to enhance Guest safety.

Let turn now to Decision Maker’s Guide to Lifeguard Protection:

The decision to protect the public (If use Beach in front of the hotel or nearby Beach, Note: Unauthorized Fishermen and public swimmer can use the beaches ) and Guest use in an aquatic facility, either by providing lifeguards or using another preventive strategy such as signage, requires careful assessment of the alternatives available to the facility or jurisdiction.

1) Use any relevant data available on the facility or jurisdiction. Data may include if not have to discover:

• The number of Hotel Guest intend using the facility or beach area during the days (+ Guest in villas, Rooms, out side guest)

• The Number of Beach goers or other activities can happen front of the water way

• The incidence of water-related injuries and drowning at the nearby facility or beach during past times;

• The number of water-related injuries and drowning at pools and beaches at your local area or (countries) with and without lifeguards, (for comparison)

• The level of lifeguards provided (e.g., number of lifeguards per number of persons using the facility).

(2) If lifeguards are already provided, then ask the questions:

• How have lifeguards affected patrons’ safety and attitudes?

• Which Qualification is Lifeguards should be holding (Beach Lifeguard Qualification etc…?)

• Is the drowning rate increasing, decreasing, or has it remained unchanged? In the area (Research)

• Find the Type of Hazard at beach (And note down effective action plan to reduce or control the Hazard)

1. Physical Hazard

2. People Hazard

3. Activity Hazard

4. Lifeguards Hazard

5. Weather

6.   Water-(The effects of tidal currents in the Ocean as well as movement of water in and out of canals and flow of currents can be extremely swift because water leaving the nearby bridges river at high flowing rate because between the bridges edge are very narrow ( than a large canal). Check the Ariel view of nearby area what method can adopts for stop this swift water (few bunts toward to the canal water, also its aim includes stopping soil erosion too.) also there is present of sediment at this area can highly hazard for swimmers especially for children).

Sub type:

1. Natural

2. Man Made

3. Land

4. Water

5. Tide

6. Waves

7. Current

(3) Rescue Boat and jet key-Rescue craft should be daily deploying in the water. (With licensed rescue craft operators). Boat and jets key will be help in swift water rescue at water canals and specially it will be helping reaching casualty in the open water more safely and quickly.

(4) Considering to Assess proposed alternatives (e.g., hiring lifeguards, placing warning signs, modifying the aquatic environment or restricting access to the facility and preventing direct entrance to water front by barriers, by Security guards Note: attention should be specially for private residential Villas area all the direct entrance to canal water or open water should be Guarded or avoided ).

When making choices about drowning prevention interventions in water front facilities, decision makers must balance a sincere desire to protect the public and guest.

In this report, writer has attempted to provide useful information that can be applied when making the decisions regarding Aquatic safety Operation. Remember always most effective drowning prevention intervention is to provide trained, professional lifeguards at the area (where lifeguards present should needs). Lifeguards can conduct patron surveillance and supervision at aquatic facilities and beach areas they will avoid unintentional death (Drowning)

By Palitha Ariyarathna

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Identify the environmental and workplace conditions that may be dangerous

this and winter I thought to start something new for employees and employers. I have sawed that many employees and employer still not aware about cold weather and it’s hazardous to the workers. Keeping employees fit to work must be an employer’s expectation also if the workers are healthy and fit to work operation will run smoothly. Good and experience man power not easy to be hired and maintain. Must be all the employees are frequently given an on job training and must workers are let know every day occupational safety. In this point Doctors, health and safety mangers can help the Human Recourse department for maintain occupational safety and health at mean level. in additional they can made a comments on Human Recourse department for what kinds of accidents are happening in each departments and they can keep record book for yearly and decide what safety precaution have to enforce.

At cold weather when body is unable warm itself serious cold-related illnesses and injuries may occur it may lead to the permanent tissue damage and death may result. Employers with employees working with cold environments such as a construction, agriculture, even a food processing and food storage lookers must be take precaution to prevent and treat cold-induced illnesses and injury. Cold related illnesses can slowly overcome a person who has been chilled by low temperatures, brisk winds, and wet clothing .prolong exposure to freezing or cold temperature may cause serious health problems such as a frostbit and specially hypothermia, in extreme cases, including cold water immersion, exposure can lead to death. Frostbit usually can first affected to the fingers, hands, toes, feet, ears, and nose. It’s a freezing of the deep layers of skin and tissue. The skin becomes hard and numb and turns a pale, it may seems waxy-white in colour.

Hypothermia (a medical emergency) can occur when the normal body temperature of

98.6°F/37°C drops to or below 95°F/35°C. Danger signs include fatigue or drowsiness, uncontrolled shivering, slurred speech, clumsy moments, and irritable, irrational or confused behavior.

I have a suggestion here for whole work force. employers can develops a cold stress card which provides guidelines and recommendations for preventing cold weather induced illnesses and injuries and they can freely distributed cold stress card for their employee . Here are basic tips for protecting your employees at winter and risk.

• Identify the environmental and workplace conditions that may be dangerous.

• find out the signs and symptoms of cold-induced illnesses and injuries and what to do to help employees, ask doctors and health and safety officers help

• Train all employees about cold-induced illnesses and injuries.

• Encourage employees to wear proper clothing to guard against cold, wet, and windy conditions. Layer clothing to adjust to changing environmental temperatures. Wear a hat, gloves, and underwear (made of polypropylene) that will keep water away from the skin. Try to provide maximum covered and proper uniform for employees who work at cold environments

• Try to schedule work for the warmest part of the day.

• Ensure that employee in extreme conditions take frequent short breaks in warm, dry shelters to allow their bodies to warm up

• Avoid exhaustion or fatigue as energy is needed to keep muscles warm.

• Use the buddy system—work in pairs so that each employee can recognize the danger signs in the other.

• If work alone keep some communication system hourly or randomly any personnel can check. But best practice is buddy system

• Drink warm, sweet beverages (sugar water, sports-type drinks) and avoid alcoholic beverages or drinks with caffeine (coffee, tea, sodas, hot chocolate).

• Eat warm, high-calorie foods such as hot pasta dishes.

• Try to identify some employees at high risk such as who taking certain medication, who are at poor physical condition.

In additional employers can recognize who have a poor diet or are older, have a predisposing health condition such as a diabetes, hypertension, or cardiovascular disease.

‘Health of employee will be wealth of employer’


O.W.Palitha Ariyarathna

Rescuer and deep sea diver

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